The Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) of Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) hears three types of immigration appeals:
1. Sponsor appeal
If you are a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident and your application to sponsor the immigration of a close family member to Canada has been refused, you may appeal to the IAD.
2. Removal order appeal
Permanent residents who have been issued a removal order by the ID may also appeal to the IAD.
3. Residency obligation appeal
A permanent resident may be found inadmissible by having not met the residency obligation, then the PR may lose the permanent resident status. the person concerned may appeal that decision to the IAD. If the appeal is allowed, you will be able to keep your permanent resident status. If the appeal is dismissed, you will lose your permanent resident status.
People who would not normally be eligible to become permanent residents of Canada may be able to apply on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
Humanitarian and compassionate grounds apply to people with exceptional cases. The application is assessed on a case-by-case basis. The H&C factor may include:
- How settled the person is in Canada
- General family ties to Canada
- The best interests of child